Nov 16, 2011 Health
Shandong, China, A city in eastern Shandong province of China known as the ‘city of long life’ because many elderly residents of long-lived. But the city has now turned the nickname into the ‘city of cancer’.
The city can nicknamed ‘cancer city’ since many deaths from cancer occurred over the last 3 years in more than 30 villages. The victims who died was believed to have fallen ill from cancer after inhaling toxic compounds from chemicals illegally dumped by the industry.
“The incidence of cancer is several times higher than normal and has happened in some villages in Laizhou. Laizhou is the county town in Shandong province, “said a doctor in Yantai, a coastal city in Laizhou as reported from ShanghaiDaily on Wednesday (11/16/2011).
Residents claimed to have closed the eyes and nose with a wet towel when you sleep so as not to smell the chemical. “The smell of this powerful chemical has been inhaled for 8 years,” said one resident in the village of Haicangyi.
The smell of chemicals are claimed to have been caused, among others:
1. Eye irritation
2. Nasal irritation
3. Throat irritation, which can make the residents of choking at night
“The smell of chemicals are quite toxic, because the contaminated gas phenol, which is derived from waste agricultural chemicals. The smell of these chemicals has led to respiratory cancer, cancer blood, and liver cancer, “said an expert on environmental protection in Yantai newspaper.
Keyuan Factory Shandong Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. and Laizhou Tengfei Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., both located near the village of the accused has caused pollution. Both of these chemical plants are reported to have produced 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D), but without a license or permit.
Compounds 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) is systemic herbicides or pesticides are commonly used to control leafy weeds. The most widely used herbicide in the world and become the third most common herbicides used in North America.
Herbicide is a synthetic auxin which is a plant hormone and is therefore often used in laboratories for the study of plants and as a supplement in plant cell culture media such as MS medium.
The Qu Jaingsheng and CEO of Shandong Keyuan has admitted it does produce pesticides but refused to take responsibility for the incidence of cancer that occurs in many villages.
“I have been in the chemical industry for over 30 years, but until now I am still very healthy. It is normal for a chemical factory illegally dumped the waste water and chemicals have caused the smell, just like the restaurant,” he said.
However, according to an employee of Shandong Keyuan unnamed, chemical plant that was never processed but direct chemical waste dumped in the nearby Gulf of Laizhou.
“The villagers said they had received 700 yuan (U.S. $ 110) for one year in compensation from the chemical plant, under the command of Tushan City government, “said the villagers.
( ir / ir )
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Oct 25, 2011 Health
, Patients with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can practically wrestle with time, given the absence of drugs that can overcome the disease is. Plus, many HIV patients who later suffered tubercolusis or tuberculosis.
But there was encouraging news, Antiretroviral treatment (ARV) two weeks after administration of anti-TB drugs can improve patient survival by 33 percent.
ARV is anti-retroviral drug therapy that combines several types of drugs and has been recommended for treating patients with AIDS is widespread. During this time, there is still debate within the medical community regarding treatment and anti-TB drugs to patients infected with HIV and TB.
Some have suggested that delaying antiretroviral treatment for more than 2 months after starting anti-TB treatment. The reason is the possibility of poisoning, consideration of the difficulties patients underwent two patients requiring treatment at the same time taking seven pills every day, and the risk of rejection due to severe inflammation of the immune system due to the influence of drugs.
However, this study further support the provision of ARVs beginning to restore immune function due to the effects of anti-TB treatment. To suppress the immune system of HIV-infected TB patients, provision of ARTVharus begin no later than two weeks after starting TB therapy.
The research team also strongly recommends that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends should be more aggressive treatments for patients .
In the most recent guidelines, the WHO recommends that HIV-infected patients can be started on ARV and TB within eight weeks after starting anti-TB treatment, but the research evidence that supports these recommendations have not been there at that time.
“Tuberculosis affects more than half a million people with HIV worldwide every year. This is a tragedy, because TB is curable if treated properly, even in patients with advanced HIV, especially if the patient also received anti-retroviral therapy, “said Anne Goldfeld, MD, of the combined team Immune Disease Institute (IDI), Cellular and Molecular Medicine Program at Children’s Hospital Boston, and Camelia (Cambodian Early versus Late Introduction of Antiretrovirals).
Anne Goldfeld is a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and professor of immunology and disease transmitted from the Harvard School of Public Health, and co-founder of the Cambodian Health Committee.
Researchers have been recruited 661 HIV-infected patients with TB and provide standard treatment for TB, and followed by the provision of ART two weeks or two months later.
At the end of the study, the survival rate in the group receiving antiretroviral drugs earlier 33 percent greater than in the group receiving ARV slower. This study itself takes four and a half years.
Of all study participants, only 12 people who did not pursue follow-up treatment, and all participants only spent less than one percent of 8955 visits have been scheduled.
“When we started the study, there was no supporting infrastructure to conduct trials in Cambodia and antiretroviral drugs recently introduced into the country. During this time, HIV and TB is not treated in a unified way,” Goldfeld said as quoted by Eurekalert.org , Tuesday (25/10/2011).
“During our research, we helped establish a center for treatment of HIV and TB care and treatment center for children with HIV. We also created a national framework in Cambodia to treat patients with drug-resistant tuberculosis is now being replicated in Ethiopia, “he concluded.
( ir / ir )
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